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The Space Report ("JSR") is issued about twice a month. It describes all space launches, including both piloted missions and automated satellites. Back issues are available online. To receive the JSR each week by direct email, subscribe at Feel free to reproduce the JSR as long as you're not doing it for profit. If you are doing so regularly, please inform Jonathan by email. Comments, suggestions, and corrections are encouraged. See here for translations to other languages.

You can mail Jonathan McDowell at planet4589 at gmail dot com.

See also:

JSR STOP PRESS - the draft of NEXT week's JSR, updated throughout the week.

GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE LOG with a catalog of all known satellites ever in the geosynchronous ring and their reasonably current positions.

LAUNCH LOG - My best attempt at a complete listing of all satellite launch attempts.

Jonathan's Space Home Page - with links to lots of other space data not available elsewhere.

SATELLITE CATALOG - My version of the Space Command satellite catalog, providing a cross reference between catalog number and international designation. Corrections are welcome.

Jonathan's Space Report 
No. 754                                                  2018 Oct  8        Somerville, MA

International Space Station

During September Expedition 56 continued with astronauts Feustel,
Artem'ev, Arnold, Prokop'ev, Aunon-Chancellor and Gerst.

Japan's HTV-7 (Kounotori 7) cargo ship was launched on Sep 22. It
arrived at ISS on Sep 27; the Canadarm-2 grappled it at 1134 UTC and
berthed it at Harmony nadir at 1409 UTC. On Sep 28 the SSRMS moved the
Exposed Pallet (EP) from HTV-7 to the truss MBS POA location. The EP
carries a set of replacement batteries for the P4 truss; spacewalkers
will install them. Meanwhile, the J-SSOD-10 deployer was transferred
from HTV-7 to the Kibo module in preparation for deployment of three
cubesats. Express Rack 9B was installed in the Columbus module, Express
Rack 10B in Kibo, and the Life Support Rack in Destiny.

On Oct 4 at 0757 UTC, astronauts Artem'ev, Feustel and Arnold undocked from the Poisk
module in Soyuz MS-08. The spacecraft made its deorbit burn at 1051 UTC
and landed in Kazakhstan at 1145 UTC. With the undocking, Expedition 57 began under
the command of Alex Gerst.

On Oct 6, the JEM RMS extracted the J-SSOD-10 deployer from the Kibo airlock.
At 0800 UTC the deployer ejected three cubesats: RSP-00 for RymanSpace,
SPATIUM-I for Nanyang Tech U (Singapore), and STARS-Me for Shizuoka University.
STARS-Me will separate into two 1U pieces joined by a 14-metre tether, plus a small
`climber' robot that will move up and down the tether.


Two more Beidou-3 navigation satellites were launched on Sep 19. 
Beidou 37 and 38, also known as Beidou-3 vehicles M13 and M14, were
placed in 22000 km circular orbits.

Ariane VA243

On Sep 25 Arianespace successfully launched the 100th Ariane 5, placing
two communications satellites in geotransfer orbit.
The upper payload was Horizons 3e, for the Horizons joint venture
between Intelsat and Japan's Sky Perfect JSAT. The satellite uses
a Boeing 702MP bus with a launch mass of 6441 kg.
The lower payload was Azerspace-2/Intelsat-38, a Maxar SSL-1300 
with a launch mass of 3500 kg. 


China's EXPACE, a commercial launch provider which is part of the
government CASIC missile company, launched the second Kuaizhou-1A
vehicle on Sep 29 carrying a small commercial communications/navigation
technology payload to orbit. Before launch the satellite was known as
Centispace-1-1S in English and as Weili kongjian yi hao xitong S1 shiyan
weixing (Micro-space 1 System S1 Test Satellite) in Chinese; after
launch it was renamed Xiangrikui 1 (`Sunflower One'). It is a 97 kg
payload built by the Shanghai microsatellite innovation center IMI-CAS
for Beijing Weilai Daohang Keji YG (Beijing Future Navigation Tech Co
Ltd). I am assuming Centispace is the English marketing name of the
company. The satellite was placed in a 1030 local time sun-sync orbit
and carries a GNSS receiver for orbit determination and a laser
intersatellite comms link.

The satellite separated from stage 4 in a 697 x 710 km orbit at about
0430 UTC; stage 4  made a 266 m/s depletion burn at 0453 UTC to a 265 x
820 km orbit.


Argentina's CONAE space agency has its first radar imaging satellite in
orbit, SAOCOM-1A (Satelite Argentino de Observacion Con Microondas). The
3000 kg satellite has a 10 x 2.5m L-band synthetic aperture radar
antenna to study soil moisture, and was built by the Argentine company

SAOCOM-1A was launched on Oct 8 by a SpaceX Falcon 9 from Vandenberg's
Space Launch Complex 4-East (SLC-4E). The Falcon 9 first stage, B1048,
became the first to return for a Vandenberg landing, at Landing Zone 4
(LZ-4) on the old SLC-4W. The second stage ignited again for the deorbit
burn at about 0342 UTC over Poland,  and reentered SE of Hawaii at about
0413 UTC.


JAXA felt it understood The problem with the lidar readings that
interrupted TD1-R1, so the descent to release the MINERVA II1 rovers
went ahead on schedule. Hayabusa-2 began its descent from the 20 km home
point at 0508 UTC Sep 20. By 0406 UTC Sep 21 it was only 50 metres above
Ryugu descending  at 0.1m/s. The MINERVA II1  cover was ejected at 0406
UTC followed by Rover 1A and Rover 1B. All three objects then sailed
down to the asteroid surface, while at about 0411 UTC Hayabusa-2 made a
divert burn to reverse its descent and return to the home position.

Both Rover 1A and Rover 1B successfully reached the surface, possibly
around 0425 UTC. They then began hopping around the asteroid while
taking pictures. The rovers are 1 kg discs, about 0.12m high 0.15m dia.
They contain an internal mechanism which can be made to spin; changes
in its angular momentum cause the rover to flip over and `hop' to
another position on the surface. Regular wheeled rovers would not
be practical in the low gravity, irregular-surfaced enviroment
of Ryugu, where the escape velocity is only about 1 km/hr.

On Oct 2-3 Hayabusa-2 again descended close to Ryugu; at 0157 UTC Oct 3
it ejected the German-French MASCOT lander at an altitude of 51 metres,
and then retreated to 3 km altitude. MASCOT landed on Ryugu at about
0217 UTC and transmitted from the surface until 1904 UTC. Hayabusa-2
then returned to  its 20 km home position again.


I've entered the RemDeb Net in the launch list on the assumption (estimation)
that it was ejected about one minute after DebrisSat-1.
The RemoveDebris project is led by Surrey Space Centre and operated by SSTL.


David Todd of Seradata has pointed out that China's SJ-17 satellite made an unusual
manuever in GEO, increasing its inclination from 0 to 4 degrees in January and then
reversing the change in July. The satellite has moved back and forth through the
geostationary belt between East Africa and the mid-Pacific in a series of
rapid relocations, followed by a period of brief stays at a series of Indian Ocean
locations. Its history to date is detailed below.

Phase 1: 2016 Nov  3 to 11:          SJ-17 arrived on station at 163E a week after launch.
Phase 2: 2016 Nov 11 to 2017 Apr 26  SJ-17 on station at 163E
Phase 3: 2017 Apr 26 to 2017 Oct 10  Westward scan 1, from 163E to 118E
Phase 4: 2017 Oct 10 to 2018 Jan 11  SJ-17 on station at 118E
Phase 5: 2018 Jan 11 to 2018 Jan 23  Begin eastward scan 1 118E to 152E
Phase 6: 2018 Jan 23 to 2018 Jan 26  Increase inclination to 4 deg
Phase 7: 2018 Jan 26 to 2018 Feb  9  Complete eastward scan 1, 152E to 178W
Phase 8: 2018 Feb 10 to 2018 Mar 19  Westward scan 2, 178W to 40E
Phase 9: 2018 Mar 20 to 2018 Apr 14  Eastward scan 2, 40E to 118E
Phase 10: 2018 Apr 15 to 2018 May 7  Westward relocate, 118E to 106E
Phase 11: 2018 May 7 to  May 20      SJ-17 on station at 106E
Phase 12: 2018 May 20 to May 28      Westward relocate, 106E to 103.5E
Phase 13: 2018 May 28 to Jun  4      SJ-17 on station at 103.5E
Phase 14: 2018 Jun  4 to Jun 19      Westward relocate, 103.5E to 94.3E
Phase 15: 2018 Jun 19 to Jul 17      SJ-17 on station at 94.3E
Phase 16: 2018 Jul 18 to Jul 21      Westward relo and decrease inc to 0 deg
Phase 17: 2018 Jul 21 to Aug 13      SJ-17 on station at 80.5E
Phase 18: 2018 Aug 14 to Aug 31      Eastward relo to 94.1E   
Phase 19: 2018 Aug 31 to now         SJ-17 on station at 94.1E

Parker Solar Probe

The Parker Solar Probe entered Venus' gravitational sphere at 2035 UTC
Oct 2.  Parker flew 2428 km above the surface of Venus at  0846 UTC Oct
3 and departed the Venus gravitational sphere at 2056 UTC.  Before
encounter, Parker was in a 0.208 x 1.014 AU x 5.6 deg solar orbit  (31 x
152 million km). Now, it is in a 0.166 x 0.938 AU x 3.4 deg (25 x
140 million km) orbit. First perihelion will be on Nov 6 at 0329 UTC.

Table of Recent Orbital Launches 
Date UT       Name            Launch Vehicle        Site            Mission       INTL.   Catalog  Perigee Apogee  Incl   Notes

Sep  7 0315   Haiyang 1C              Chang Zheng 2C     Taiyuan         Rem.Sensing  68A   S43609   770 x   786 x 98.6 1020LT SSO
Sep 10 0445   Telstar 18V             Falcon 9 FT        Canaveral SLC40 Comms        69A   S43611   250 x 18094 x 27.0
Sep 15 1302   ICESAT-2 )              Delta 7420-10      Vandenberg SLC2W Rem.Sensing 70A   S43613   459 x   464 x 92.0
              ELFIN    )                                                 Sci          70B?  S43614   448 x   467 x 93.0
              ELFIN-B  )                                                 Sci          70C?  S43615   448 x   467 x 93.0
              DAVE     )                                                 Tech         70D?  S43616   447 x   468 x 93.0
              SurfSat  )                                                 Tech         70E?  S43617   448 x   467 x 93.0 
Sep 16 1638   NovaSAR-S )             PSLV-CA            Sriharikota FLP Imaging      71A   S43619   574 x   592 x 97.8 2215LT SSO
              SSTL S1-4 )                                                Imaging      71B   S43620   574 x   619 x 97.7 2215LT SSO
Sep 16 2306   DebrisSat-1                               RemDeb, LEO      Tech        9867PM S43621   400 x   404 x 51.7
Sep 16 2308?  RemDeb Net                                RemDeb, LEO      Tech        9867PM A09713   Now attached to DebrisSat-1
Sep 19 1407   Beidou DW 37 )          Chang Zheng 3B/YZ-1 Xichang LC2    Navigation   72A   S43622 21533 x 22193 x 55.0
              Beidou DW 38 )                                             Navigation   72B   S43623 21545 x 22197 x 55.0
Sep 22 1752   Kounotori 7             H-IIB              Tanegashima     Cargo        73A   S43630   187 x   301 x 51.6
Sep 25 2238   Horizons 3e       )     Ariane 5ECA        Kourou ELA3     Comms        74B   S43633   280 x 35741 x  5.9
              Azerspace-2/IS-38 )                                        Comms        74A   S43632   246 x 35712 x  6.0
Sep 29 0413   Xiangrikui 1            Kuaizhou-1A        Jiuquan         Tech         75A   S43636   696 x   710 x 98.2 1030LT SSO
Oct  6 0800   STARS-Me )                                ISS, LEO         Tech        9867PN S43638?  403 x   408 x 51.6
              RSP-00   )                                                 Tech        9867PP S43639?  403 x   408 x 51.6
              SPATIUM-I)                                                 Tech        9867PQ S43640?  403 x   408 x 51.6
Oct  8 0221   SAOCOM-1A               Falcon 9          Vandenberg SLC4E Radar        76A   S43641   607 x   634 x 97.9 1800LT SSO

Table of Recent Suborbital Launches

The suborbital launches table includes known flights above 80 km.

Date UT       Payload/Flt Name Launch Vehicle      Site                  Mission    Apogee/km    Target

Sep  5 0500   Hyperbola-1Z      Shuang Quxian 1Z   Jiuquan               Test          108       Jiuquan
              TFJR-1  )
              CDGX-1  )
              EREBUS  )
Sep  7 1721   FOXSI             Black Brant 9      White Sands           Solar XR      304       White Sands
Sep 12 0837   JFTM-05 Target    ?                  Kauai                 Target        150?      Pacific
Sep 12 0840?  JFTM-05           SM-3-IB          JS Atago, Pacific       Interceptor   150?      Intercept
Sep 12 1433   ADEPT             SpaceLoft XL       Spaceport America     Tech          114       Spaceport America, NM
Sep 17 1409   FOP-5?/Celestis   SpaceLoft XL       Spaceport America     Tech          114       Spaceport America, NM
Sep 27 1215   NAMMO Nucleus     Nucleus            Andoya U3             Test          107       Norwegian Sea
Oct  1 0000?  Warhead           Zulfiqar           Kermanshah?,Iran      Weapon        200?      Syria
Oct  1 0000?  Warhead           Zulfiqar           Kermanshah?,Iran      Weapon        200?      Syria
Oct  1 0000?  Warhead           Qiam-1             Kermanshah?,Iran      Weapon        200?      Syria
Oct  1 0000?  Warhead           Qiam-1             Kermanshah?,Iran      Weapon        200?      Syria

|  Jonathan McDowell                 |                                    |
|  Somerville MA 02143               |  inter : planet4589 at gmail       |
|  USA                               |  twitter: @planet4589              |
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