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Jonathan's Space Report
No. 787 draft                                                    2020 Nov 22  Somerville, MA
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International Space Station
---------------------------

Expedition 64 continues under the command of Sergey Ryzhikov.


Chang'e-5
----------

China's CALT launched a Chang Zheng 5 (serial Y5) from Wenchang at 2030 UTC on Nov 23.
The second stage reached parking orbit at 2042 UTC and reignited at 2058 UTC for a 7 minute
burn to enter a high apogee orbit. At 2016 UTC the payload, the Chang'e-5 moon probe, separated from the
second stage. The payload has been tracked by the US in a 201 x 392980 km x 21.3 deg orbit. The
rocket stage, following passivation, is in a 181 x 295830 km x 21.4 deg orbit.


The 8200 kg Chang'e-5, devloped by CAST/Beijing and the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, is a robotic sample
return mission - the first such to the Moon since Luna-24 in 1976. It consists
of a number of components ( abbreviations are mine):

 - SM, Service module, which will perform lunar orbit insertion and transearth insertion burns.
       Chinese name: Guidao Qi (orbiter vehicle)
 - DS, descent stage (Lander), which will separate in lunar orbit, land near Mons Rumker, and obtain a surface sample.
       Chinese name: Zhuolu Qi (lander vehicle)
 - AS, Ascent stage, which will take off from the lunar surface carrying the sample and dock with
    the service module's docking adapter in lunar orbit.
       Chinese name: Shangsheng Qi (ascent vehicle)
 - AD, Adapter, which joins the service module to the lander at launch and contains the return capsule
    and docking adapter.  Chinese name: Lianje Zhijia (connecting frame, adapter)
 - DA, Docking adapter, mounted on top of the return capsule. Contains a mechanism to transfer the sample
    from the ascent stage to the return capsule.  Chinese name: Jiaohui duijie jigou (rendezvous/docking mechanism)
 - RV, Return capsule, which separates from the service module and lands in China.
       Chinese name: Fanhui Qi (return vehicle)

The mission is pretty complicated, so I'll attempt to list the various stages of it
(all times UTC):
  - Nov 23 2030  Launch
  - Nov 23 2042  Earth parking orbit, attached to CZ-5 stage 2
 -  Nov 23 2058  7 minute translunar injection burn by CZ-5 stage 2, cutoff at 2105 
 -  Nov 23 2106  CE-5 separates from stage 2
 -  Nov 23 2107  Translunar coast, 201 x 392980 km x 21.3 deg
 -  Nov 24 1406  TCM-1 trajectory correction manuever
 -  Nov 25 1406  TCM-2 trajectory correction manuever
 -  Nov 27 1840  CE-5 enters lunar gravitational sphere of influence
 -  Nov 28 1258  Lunar orbit insertion burn to 216 x 5585 km x 42.4 deg elliptical orbit, burn completed 1315 UTC
 -  Nov 29 1223  Lunar orbit manuever to 217 x 217 km x 42.4 deg circular orbit
 -  Nov 29 2040  DS+AS separate from SM+AD (with DA+RV inside AD), in lunar orbit
  - Nov 30 1423  DS+AS move to low perilune orbit, 19 x 217 km
  - Nov 30 1822  DS+AS move to pre-descent orbit, about 19 x 67 km?
 -  Nov 30 2345? SM+AD move to low perilune orbit (77? x 217? km)
 -  Dec  1 1458  DS begins powered descent burn
 -  Dec  1 1511  DS+AS land on the Moon at about 51.9W 43.1N, in northeast Oceanus
       Procellarum, north of the Louville Omega hills.
 -  Dec  2 1946? AD is ejected from SM+RV+DA, in lunar orbit, Dec 2
 -  Dec  2 2053  DS+AS sample collection complete
 -  Dec  3 1510:21  AS takes off, leaving DS on the Moon
 -  Dec  3 1527   AS enters lunar orbit and begins rendezvous with SM+RV+DA.
 -  Dec  4?      AS rendezvous burns 2 and 3
 -  Dec  5?      AS docks with DA; DA transfers sample from AS to RV.
 -  Dec  6?      AS+DA ejected from SM+RV.
 -  Dec  7?      SM+RV move to elliptical lunar orbit.
 -  Dec 13?      SM+RV perform transearth insertion burn
 -  Dec 13?      SM+RV trans-earth coast 
 -  Dec 15?      RV separates from SM
 -  Dec 16?      SM destroyed in Earth atmosphere entry, *or* performs avoidance burn and returns towards Moon?
 -  Dec 16?      RV performs Earth atmosphere entry, jettisons aeroshell, deploys parachute, and lands.
 -  2021?        AS+DA in lunar orbit perturbed by mascons and impact lunar surface (probably within 1 year)
 -  2021?        AD in lunar orbit perturbed by mascons and impacts lunar surface (probably within 1 year)

Chang'e-5 entered the lunar sphere of influence at 1840 UTC on Nov 27
and entered an 8-hour elliptical lunar orbit on Nov 28. The main engine fired from 1258 to
1315 UTC as the vehicle passed 400 km from the surface. Initial orbit parameters
were 216 x 5585 km x 42.4 deg. Meanwhile, the CZ-5 second stage ended up in a 22 x 291690 km
x 22.3 deg orbit and is expected to reenter on Nov 30.

I have updated GCAT to include the Chang'e-5 ascent stage (`Shangsheng Qi') launch as follows:
 - The engine is for now designated as SSQ Engine until we get a real desigation for it.
 - The launch vehicle is designated CE-5 SSQ (short for Chang'e-5 Shangsheng Qi)
 - The launch vehicle is part of the new launch family CE5SSQ             
 - I am calling the launch site Louville Omega North, and giving it the site code LOMN.
   The launch `pad' is CE-5 ZQ (short for Chang'e 5 Zhoulu Qi, CE-5 lander). 
 - The launch from the lunar surface is given the launch designation 2020-U02
 - The ascent stage is GCAT deep space catalog number D01048.
     It has launch code 2020-087 until lunar landing, and 2020-U02 afterwards.
     The entries for its launch and lunar orbit may be found in the LPRCAT event catalog.





Starlink
--------

The 16th Starlink launch (15th of the V1.0 series) on Nov 25 was also the 100th launch of a Falcon 9.
The single-burn deployment released 60 satellites in low orbit. The first stage landed on the droneship
OCISLY.


JDRS-1
------

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries launched H-2A number F43 from Tanegashima on Nov 29. The rocket carried
JAXA's `Hikari deta chukei shistemu' (Optical Data Relay System), also known as JDRS-1 (Japanese Data
Relay Satellite 1). The JAXA satellite will support civilian and intelligence users, and the launch
was carried out with more secrecy than usual.

FalconEye-2
-----------

FalconEye-2, a French-built imaging satellite for the armed forces of the United Arab Emirates,
was launched from the Guiana Space Centre by a Soyuz ST-A on Dec 2. The satellite replaces
FalconEye-1 which was lost in the Vega VV15 failure in 2019.

Gonets-M
--------

Three more Gonets-M low orbit messaging satellites were launched on a Soyuz from Plesetsk on Dec 3.
A test nanosatellite for the Ministry of Defense, ERA-1, was also carried.


Erratum
--------

 Obviously, I forgot to delete the line 'spacewalk underway..' in the last issue. 


Table of Recent Orbital Launches
 ----------------------------------

Date UT       Name                           Launch Vehicle      Site            Mission  INTL.  Catalog  Perigee Apogee  Incl   Notes

Nov  5 0905   Bobcat-1)                                          ISS, LEO        Tech    98067RS S46922 414 x  414 x 51.6
              SPOC    )                                                          Imaging 98067RR S46921 414 x  414 x 51.6
Nov  5 1040   Neutron-1                                          ISS, LEO        Sci     98067RT S46923 414 x  414 x 51.6
Nov  5 1215   Djara                                              ISS, LEO        Tech    98067RW S46926 414 x  414 x 51.6
Nov  5 1315   Descent        )                                   ISS, LEO        Tech    98067RU S46924 414 x  414 x 51.6
              SAT-TLA 1      )                                                   Tech    98067RV S46925 414 x  414 x 51.6
              Lemur-4.8      )                                                   Com/Met 98067RX S46927 414 x  414 x 51.6
Nov  5 2324   GPS III SV-04                   Falcon 9           Canaveral LC40  Nav        78A S46826  402 x 20183 x 55.0
Nov  6 0318   Nusat-9  (Alice)     )          Chang Zheng 6      Taiyuan         Imaging    79A?S46827  465 x   473 x 97.3
              Nusat-10 (Caroline)  )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-11 (Cora)      )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-12 (Dorothy)   )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-13 (Emmy)      )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-14 (Hedy)      )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-15 (Katherine) )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-16 (Lise)      )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-17 (Mary)      )                                             Imaging    79
              Nusat-18 (Vera)      )                                             Imaging    79
              Taiyuan BY70-3       )                                             Comms      79
              Beihang Kongshi 1    )                                             Comms      79
              Tianyan 05           )                                             Imaging    79
Nov  7 0712   Tianqi-11                       Gushenxing-1       Jiuquan         Comms      80A S46904   485 x   501 x 97.4
Nov  7 0941   EOS-1           )               PSLV-DL          Satish Dhawan FLP Imaging    81A          568 x   576 x 36.9
              Lemur-2-Ozarak  )                                                  Com/Met    81D          565 x   578 x 36.9
              Lemur-2-Jindra  )                                                  Com/Met    81E          565 x   578 x 36.9
              Lemur-2-Wallace )                                                  Com/Met    81F          565 x   576 x 36.9
              Lemur-2-Jeremiah)                                                  Com/Met    81G          565 x   576 x 36.9
              R2              )                                                  Tech       81
              KSM-1A          )                                                  Sigint     81
              KSM-1B          )                                                  Sigint     81
              KSM-1C          )                                                  Sigint     81
              KSM-1D          )                                                  Sigint     81
Nov 12 1559   Tiantong-1 02                    Chang Zheng 3B     Xichang        Comms      82A S46917   170 x 35820 x 28.4
Nov 13 2332   USA 310                          Atlas V 531       Canaveral SLC41 Radar?     83A S46918 11033 x 11068 x 58.5
Nov 16 0027   Resilience                       Falcon 9          Kennedy LC39A   Spaceship  84A S46920   189 x   208 x 51.6
Nov 17 0152   SEOSAT-Ingenio)                  Vega              CSG             Imaging    U01 A09651  -500? x  250?x 98.5
              Taranis       )                                                    Science    U01 A09652  -500? x  250?x 98.5
Nov 18?       AC-10a Probe 04                                  AC-10a, LEO       Science 19-22N S46928   469  x  482 x 51.6
Nov 20 0220   Augury                      )    Electron          Mahia LC1       Tech       85AB S46954  495 x  515 x 97.4
              Alchemy                     )                                      Tech       85AC S46955  495 x  515 x 97.4
              BRO-2                       )                                      Sigint     85
              BRO-3                       )                                      Sigint     85
              Te Waka Amiorangi o Aotearoa)                                      Sci        85
              CORVUS BC-5                 )                                      Met-RO     85C  S46931  492 x  512 x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 22                 )                                      Comms      85AA S46953  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 24                 )                                      Comms      85Z  S46952  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 25                 )                                      Comms      85Y  S46951  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 27                 )                                      Comms      85X  S46950  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 28                 )                                      Comms      85V  S46948  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 29                 )                                      Comms      85W  S46949  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 30                 )                                      Comms      85T  S46946  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 31                 )                                      Comms      85U  S46947  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 32                 )                                      Comms      85S  S46945  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 33                 )                                      Comms      85R  S46944  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 34                 )                                      Comms      85E  S46933  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 35                 )                                      Comms      85F  S46934  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 36                 )                                      Comms      85G  S46935  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 37                 )                                      Comms      85H  S46936  492 x 513  x 97.4
              SpaceBEE 38                 )                                      Comms      85J  S46937  492 x 513  x 97.4




Nov 21 1717   Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich      Falcon 9          Vandenberg SLC4E Oceanog.  86A S46984  1308  x 1327 x 66.0
Nov 23 2030   Chang'e 5                        Chang Zheng 5     Wenchang LC101 Lunar probe 87A S47097   201 x 392980 x 21.3
Nov 25 0213   Starlink 1777     )              Falcon 9          Canaveral SLC40 Comms      88A S47121   212 x  365 x 53.0
              Starlink 1779     )
              Starlink 1785     )
              Starlink 1787     )
              Starlink 1812     )
              Starlink 1736-1840)
              Starlink 1842-1846)
              Starlink 1849-1850)
              Starlink 1852-1864)
              Starlink 1866-1871)
              Starlink 1873-1881)
              Starlink 1884-1891)
              Starlink 1895     )
              Starlink 1900     )
              Starlink 1907     )
              Starlink 1912-1914)
              Starlink 1927     )
Nov 29 0725   DRS-1/ODRS                        H-IIA 202         Tanegashima      Comms   89A  S47202  255 x 35796 x 28.4
Dec  2 0133   FalconEye 2                       Soyuz ST-A        CSG ELS          Imaging 90A  S47226  597 x  599 x  97.9    
Dec  3 0114   Gonets-M No. 30)                  Soyuz-2-1B/Fregat Plesetsk LC43/4  Comms   91A  S47227 1486 x 1506 x  82.5
              Gonets-M No. 31)                                                     Comms   91B  S47228 1487 x 1506 x  82.5
              Gonets-M No. 32)                                                     Comms   91C  S47229 1484 x 1505 x  82.5
              ERA-1          )                                                     Tech    91D? S47230 1481 x 1508 x  82.5

Table of Recent Suborbital Launches
-----------------------------------

Date UT       Payload/Flt Name Launch Vehicle      Site                  Mission    Apogee/km    Target


Oct  1        Black Dagger      Boosted Zombie     Fort Wingate?         Target        100?      White Sands
Oct  3 0640   RV                Shaurya            Chandipur IC4         Test          300?      Bay of Bengal
Oct 13 1336   NS-13             New Shepard        W Texas               Test          106       W Texas
Oct 26?       SR 0.1-1          SR-0.1             Sinop, Turkey         Test          130?      Black Sea
Oct 29 0727   GT236GM           Minuteman 3        Vandenberg LF09       Op. Test     1300?      Kwajalein
Oct 29?       SR 0.1-2          SR-0.1             Sinop, Turkey         Test          130?      Black Sea
Nov  2 1040   DEUCE 3           Black Brant IX     White Sands           UV Astron     285       White Sands
Nov 17 0550   FTM-44 Target     ICBM-T2?           Meck, Kwajalein       Target       1000?      Pacific (intercepted)
Nov 17 0605?  FTM-44 KV         SM-3 Block IIA    DDG-18, Pacific        Interceptor   200?      FTM-44 interception

.-------------------------------------------------------------------------.
|  Jonathan McDowell                 |                                    |
|  Somerville MA 02143               |  inter : planet4589 at gmail       |
|  USA                               |  twitter: @planet4589              |
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